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农业综合开发主要统计指标解释(2009年度)

  农业综合开发指在一定的时间里和确定的区域内,为全面开发利用农业资源,发展地区农业经济而进行的综合性生产建设活动。开发的主要内容是平整土地、兴修水利、改良土壤、开垦荒地、植树造林、装备机械、改进生产技术、发展多种经营等。它的最终目标是合理配置农业生产要素,提高农业综合生产能力和市场竞争力,推动传统农业向现代农业转变。

  农业综合开发项目:指在一定的时间和确定的区域范围内,为获得预期的经济、社会和生态效益,经农业综合开发管理部门批准,由项目建设单位组织实施,通过综合投入,运用综合措施,对农业资源进行综合开发的投资活动。

  国家自1988年起开始立项实施农业综合开发。1988-1993年统称农业综合开发项目。自1994年起,农业综合开发项目分为两类,即土地治理项目和多种经营项目;自1999年起,农业综合开发项目分为三类,增设科技示范项目;2004年起,农业综合开发项目分为两类,即土地治理项目和产业化经营项目,不再设立科技示范项目,从2008年起,2004年以前建设的科技示范项目全部完工。此外,从1998年起,农业综合开发开始组织实施外资项目,先是组织实施了利用世界银行贷款加强灌溉农业二期项目,项目实施范围为河北、河南、山东、安徽、江苏5省以及国家农业综合开发信息管理与培训中心,建设期为1998-2002年。从2004年起,农业综合开发组织实施利用英国国际发展部赠款面向贫困人口农村水利改革项目,项目实施的主要内容为在农业综合开发赠款项目区组建农民用水户协会,建设期为2004-2008年。从2006年起,农业综合开发组织实施利用世界银行贷款加强灌溉农业三期项目和利用世界银行贷款农业科技项目。农业综合开发利用世界银行贷款加强灌溉农业三期项目实施范围为河北、内蒙古、吉林、江苏、安徽、山东、河南、重庆、宁夏、云南10省(自治区、直辖市)以及国家农业综合开发办公室,建设期为2005-2009年。农业科技项目实施范围为陕西、湖南、安徽和黑龙江4省,项目建设期为2005-2009年。从2008年起,农业综合开发组织实施利用全球环境基金赠款适应气候变化农业综合开发项目,项目实施范围为河北、江苏、安徽、山东、宁夏、河南6省(自治区)以及国家农业综合开发办公室,项目建设期为2009-20126月底。

  开发县及农场:指经国家农业综合开发办公室批准立项实施农业综合开发的县(含市、区、旗)、农场(包括新疆生产建设兵团、黑龙江省农垦总局所属县团级农场)。

  中央财政资金:指中央财政用于农业综合开发的资金。其中:1998-2007年含作为中央财政资金安排用于农业综合开发的世界银行贷款。

  地方财政配套资金:指地方各级财政按照一定比例与中央财政资金配套投入农业综合开发的资金。其中:1998-2008年含世行贷款项目的地方财政配套资金。

  银行贷款:指用于农业综合开发项目建设的银行贷款及其他信贷资金投入数。

  自筹资金:指项目区农村集体、农民群众、项目建设单位(包括企业、农牧场、地方有关部门等)筹集用于农业综合开发项目建设的现金和以物折资数。

  改造中低产田:指对现有中低产田,通过水利、农业、林业、科技等措施综合治理,改善其基本生产条件和生态环境,使之成为高产稳产农田的面积。

  生态综合治理指为保护和改善农牧业生态环境所进行的各类项目建设的面积,包括“草原(场)建设”、“小流域治理”和“土地沙化治理”3类小项目。

  草原(场)建设:指为保护和建设草原(场)所进行的人工种草、天然草场改良、划区轮牧、饲草(料)基地建设的面积。

  小流域治理:指在水土流失较为严重的丘陵山区和黄土高原地区以小流域为单元进行综合性治理的面积。

  土地沙化治理:指在农牧交错区和黄河故道沙区对沙化土地进行综合性治理的面积。

  中型灌区节水配套改造项目:指能够为项目区直接提供外部水利灌排条件、设计控制灌溉面积530万亩已有中型灌(排)区的灌排骨干工程设施,进行以节水配套改造为主的建设项目的数量(不含部门项目组织实施的中型灌区节水配套改造项目)。

  开垦宜农荒地:指将宜于农用的尚未开发利用的土地或虽已耕种过但撂荒三年以上的撂荒地开发成耕地的面积。

  建设优质粮食基地:19992003年立项实施,在已经完成中低产田改造或在同时进行中低产田改造的耕地上,通过规模化种植经国家资格认定的品种审定委员会审定的优质粮食品种的面积。

  建设优质饲料作物基地:19992003年立项实施,在已经完成中低产田改造或在同时进行中低产田改造的耕地上,通过规模化种植经国家资格认定的品种审定委员会审定的优质饲料作物品种的面积。

  农业高新科技示范:1999年开始设立的,以市场为导向,效益为中心,省级以上(含省级)综合实力较强的农业科研、教学单位为技术依托单位,在改善农业基本生产条件的基础上,引进2项以上农业高新技术,并与其他常规技术组装配套,探索形成不同区域优势产业先进适用技术支撑体系的项目高新技术及品种示范应用面积。

  农业科技推广综合示范:2000年开始设立的,以市场为导向,效益为中心,省级以上(含省级)综合实力较强的农业科研、教学单位为技术依托单位,在改善农业基本生产条件的基础上,着力进行农业先进适用成熟技术的大面积推广应用,促进区域优势产业升级,同时适当引进先进成熟技术进行示范,为今后推广应用增加必要技术储备的项目先进成熟适用技术及品种推广应用面积。

  农业现代化示范:2002年开始设立的,以市场为导向,效益为中心,省级以上(含省级)综合实力较强的农业科研、教学单位为技术依托单位,以加强基础设施、投入要素、农业科技和经营管理体制建设为主要内容,推进当地农业现代化建设的项目先进成熟适用技术、品种示范推广面积与产业基地建设面积之和。

  新增主要农产品生产能力:指通过农业综合开发,项目区主要农产品(粮食、棉花、油料、糖料)在正常年景下能够较开发前增加的产量。该数据是运用典型调查、同等地块相比等方法计算得出的。

  新增其他农产品产量:指通过实施农业综合开发项目新增加的种植(粮棉油糖除外)、养殖产品产量。

  Explanatory notes on main Statistical Indicators

  Integrated Agricultural Development refers to comprehensive production development activities conducted for regional agricultural economy development and for overall development and utilization of agricultural resources in given period of time and within selected areas. The main contents of development are land leveling, construction of water irrigation and drainage facilities, soil improvement, land reclamation, afforestation, equipment and machineries, improvement of production technologies and the development of diversified farm operations. Its ultimate objectives are rational deployment of agricultural production elements, improvement of comprehensive agricultural productivity and market competitiveness so as to promote the transition from traditional to modern agriculture.

  Integrated agricultural development projects refer to investment activities for integrated development of agricultural resources in a given period of time and in selected areas through comprehensive input and using comprehensive measures in order to obtain expected economic, social and ecological effects, which are approved by the administration of integrated agricultural development and implemented project construction agencies.

  Since 1988, the State started to implement integrated agricultural development. From 1988 to 1993, all these activities were referred to as integrated agricultural development project. Since 1994, integrated agricultural development projects were divided into two categories, i.e. Land Harnessing Projects and Diversified Farm Operation Projects. Since 1999, integrated agricultural development projects were divided into three categories to include Science and Technology Demonstration Projects. Since 2004, integrated agricultural development projects were divided into two categories, i.e. Land Harnessing Projects and Industrialization Projects, excluding Science and Technology Demonstration Projects. In addition, integrated agricultural development since 1998 also organized and implemented the projects of foreign capital. Since 1998, organized and implemented Irrigated Agricultural Intensification II Projects using the World Bank loan. The project scope covered five provinces of Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Anhui and Jiangsu as well as the component of the Information and Training Center of the State Comprehensive Agricultural Development. The duration of the project was from 1998 to 2002. Since 2004, implemented the Pro-Poor Rural Water Reform Project (PPRWRP) financed by Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, acting through the Department for International Development(DFID) . The main project content involves the establishment of Water Users Association (WUA) in comprehensive agriculture development project areas completed. The duration of the project was from 2004 to 2008. Since 2005, implemented Irrigated Agricultural Intensification ProjectsIAIⅢ)and Agricultural Technology Transfer ProjectsATT using the World Bank loan. IAI scope covered ten provinces of Hebei, NeimengguJilinJiangsuAnhuiShandong, Henan, ChongqingNingxia and Yunnan as well as the State Comprehensive Agricultural Development. The duration of the project was from 2005 to 2009. ATT scope covered four provinces of ShanxiHunanAnhui and Heilongjiang. The duration of the project was from 2005 to 2009.

  Project counties and farms refer to counties (including cities, districts and banners) and farms (including Xinjiang Production Development Command and county level farms affiliated to the General Bureau of Land Reclamation of Heilongjiang Province) that are approved by the State Comprehensive Agricultural Development Office to implement integrated agricultural development.

  Central finance funds refer to funds used for integrated agricultural development by the central government finance, it included the World Bank loan arranged by the central finance for integrated agricultural development from 1998 to 2007.

  Local counterpart funds refer to funds earmarked by local finance at various levels as counterpart funds to match with central finance funds for integrated agricultural development, it included local counterpart funds for the World Bank project from 1998 to 2008.

  Bank loan refer to bank loans and other credit fund input for the construction of integrated agricultural development projects.

  Self-raised funds refer to cash and in kind input of collectives in rural areas, farmers and project implementers (including enterprises, farms, livestock farms and local relevant departments) for the construction of integrated agricultural development projects.

  Improvement of low and medium yield cropland: through comprehensive harnessing measures of irrigation and drainage, agricultural, forestry, science and technology, the basic production conditions and ecological environment of the existing low and medium yield cropland are improved to become high and stable yielding cropland.

  Integrated ecology harnessing project: refers to the coverage of areas of various projects implemented for the protection and improvement of the ecological environment for agriculture and animal husbandry, including 3 categories of small projects of “grassland development”, “small watershed management” and “land desertification control”.

  Grassland development refers to the areas of artificial seeding of grassland, improvement of natural grassland, grazing rotation zoning and fodder production base construction in order to protect and develop grassland.

  Small watershed improvement refers to the land area covered by comprehensive harnessing with small watershed as a unit in hilly, mountainous areas and the Loess Plateau areas with severe problems of soil erosion.

  Land desertification control refers to the land area covered by comprehensive desertification control in semi-agricultural and semi-pastoral areas and the ancient river course of the Yellow River.

  Corresponding water-saving transformation project in medium-sized irrigation districts: refers to the number of construction projects with corresponding water-saving transformation as the main objective, which can provide external irrigation and drainage conditions directly to existing medium-sized irrigation (drainage) district with designed coverage of 50-300,000 mu of land in the project areas.

  Reclamation of barren land suitable for agriculture refers to the development process of turning undeveloped and unused land that is suitable for agriculture or arable land that has been in fallow for over three years into arable land.

  Development of high quality grain production base refers to the acreage of high quality grain varieties examined by the crop variety assessment commission with credentials of the State, which are planted in arable land that has gone through low and medium yield cropland improvement or at the same time of improving low and medium yield cropland, and the implementation started from 1999 to 2003.

  Development of high quality fodder crop production base: refers to the acreage of high quality fodder varieties examined by the crop variety assessment commission with credentials of the State, which are planted in arable land that has gone through low and medium yielding cropland improvement or at the same time of improving low and medium yielding cropland, and the implementation started from 1999 to 2003.

  Demonstration of agricultural high and new technologies refers to the area of demonstration and application of high and new technologies and crop varieties. It was implemented starting from 1999 and was market-oriented and result-centered. The agricultural research and educational institutions with strong strength over provincial level (including provincial) served as the technological backstopping. It was based on the improvement of basic agricultural production conditions. At least two items of agricultural high and new technologies were introduced to be combined with other conventional technologies in order to explore the establishment of advanced and practical technological supporting projects for different regional advantageous industries.

  Comprehensive demonstration and extension of agricultural science and technologies refers to the area of extension and application of advanced, mature and practical technologies and varieties. It started in 2002 and was market-oriented and result-centered. With agricultural research and education institutions with strong comprehensive strength over provincial level (including provincial) as the technological backstopping and on the basis of improving basic agricultural production conditions, it was to extend and use advanced, practical and mature technologies with great efforts so as to promote the upgrading of regional advantageous industries at the same time of introducing advanced and mature technologies for demonstration in order to increase necessary technological project reserves for future extension and application.

  Agricultural modernization demonstration refers to the total areas of demonstration and extension of advanced, mature, practical technologies and varieties as well as integrated production base development. It started in 2002 and it was market-oriented and result-centered. With agricultural research and education institutions with strong comprehensive strength over provincial level (including provincial) as the technological backstopping, and strengthening infrastructure facilities, input elements, agricultural science, technologies and management system development as the contents, it was to promote the local agricultural modernization projects.

  Incremental productivity of major agricultural products refers to the incremental output of major agricultural products of project areas under normal conditions comparing with years before implementing integrated agricultural development. The data is derived from surveys of typical cases and comparisons of outputs of the same piece of land.

                            

  Incremental output of other agricultural products refers to the incremental output of crops (excluding grain, cotton and sugar) and animal rearing through implementation of integrated agricultural development projects.

 

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